The data provided by Indonesian Statistics Bureau shows the difference between the Indonesia’s average per capita monthly expenditure in 1996 and in 2006. The data from both years can be compared directly by firstly adjusting the data of 1996 to it’s value in 2006 using inflation data based on the average consumer prices. It can be observed there that for essential goods, the expenditure were relatively constant. For instance, the expense differences for clothing and basic foods such as cereals, tubers, spices, oil, and some other foods nominally didn’t reach Rp 1,000 and have no significance percentage difference. It means that from time to time, the demand for this kind of needs would not change drastically regarding the price.

The low sensitivity against price makes the essential goods are considered as goods with very low price elasticity. Some of them can even be considered inelastic such as eggs, tubers, spices, and miscellaneous food items where the percentage difference of those items didn’t even exceeded 0.1%. Alcoholic beverages can also be considered inelastic since the spending for this commodity is very low so the difference won’t have any significance. This happened because the major consumers are the upper-class citizens, a small portion of the total population, whom expenditure wouldn’t be affected by the national product much.

There are significant escalation of spending for prepared food and beverages, and also for tobacco and betel. For prepared food and beverages, the escalation took place because of the evolution in consumers’ behavior where the prepared meals are preferred more than the conventionally cooked as the era advances. This symptom can also be diagnosed by observing the slight decrease in spending for foodstuffs that need more processing and therefore need more time before they can be consumed, such as meat or even cereals.

Indonesians undoubtedly are high tobacco and betel consumers. The consumption of these commodities was about 3 – 5.5% from the total expenditure. It is also quite obvious that the consumption of these commodities by rural citizens is higher than the urban citizens’ consumption. The allocation for tobacco and betel also rises almost 2% both in urban and rural areas.

The data also reveals the composition of expenditure difference between urban and rural citizens. Averagely, people in urban areas spend 50% of their total expenditure for foods and 50% for non-food commodities. While people in rural areas spend 60% of their total expense for food and the rest 40% for non-food commodities.

It can also be concluded from the data that Indonesians in 2006 are slightly prosperous than Indonesians in 1996. This conclusion can be extracted from the data of expenditure for housing and household facility. In 2006, Indonesians can allocate more on this section because the basic needs such as food and clothing had already been adequately fulfilled. This conclusion also obtained from the fact that the national income and expenditure per capita which increased almost 20 percent.

Hero of The Day: Mr. Caax Again
You made me looked alive bro!!

Moral of The Day: Think before speak!
The walls do have ears . . .

Lyric of The Day:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I ain’t happy, I’m feeling glad
I got sunshine, in a bag
I’m useless,but not for long
The future is coming on
~ Clint Eastwood – Gorillaz
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Nice hectic weekend … love it!

Indonesians are consumptive. One of the aspects that show the excessiveness is the tendency of wasting energy. This can be concluded from the data of energy elasticity ratio which reflect the energy consumed by a nation to reach one percent of Gross Domestic Products (GDP). The energy elasticity ratio of Indonesia reaches 1.85% which is higher then some of the neighboring countries’ that only reach 0.5%-1%. This was discerned significantly recently when Indonesia came into contact with the energy crisis.

The energy crisis experienced lately was initiated due to the bad weather that hampered the supply of the fuel, especially coal, to the power plants which mostly located across the sea from where it was mined and refined. The escalation of the oil price in global market, which touches $100/barrel, made it worse. The base expense of electric supplying soared while the local oil supply was running low because of the producer’s preference of exporting the oil more than selling it for domestic needs.

As the only one electric utility company in Indonesia, PT. PLN (Persero) is greatly troubled by this situation. That’s why, starting from the beginning of April 2008, PLN will apply the “incentive-disincentive” policy that affects the tariff of electricity. Firstly, the average monthly electric usage of the consumers is determined based on the historical data acquired. A consumer will get an incentive in the form of discount if the electric usage of the month is under 80% of national average monthly electric usage. On the other hand, if the electric usage of the month is over 80%, the consumer will get a disincentive in the form of additional charge for the excessive usage.

I believe that there’s a good intention behind this policy. It can educate Indonesian people to be thriftier in using the energy. If the goal is accomplished, government can decrease as much as Rp 18.66 trillion (about USD$ 1.8 billion) per year from its yearly budget. That is a significant number considering the subsidy for electricity that surpass Rp 65 trillion (about USD$ 6.5 billion) this year.

It’s 10 more days to the implementation of this policy. Unfortunately there are still some noticeable flaws. The first one is the socialization of this policy. I believe that most of Indonesian people don’t have any clue yet about this policy and the tariff’s calculation detail. Even for a person such as me who’s connected to the internet, watch television, and read newspaper daily, it still took me some times to get the clear information about this policy. That’s why PLN and government should prioritize the socialization of this program to avoid the sudden resistance of the Indonesian citizens.

The second important thing is about the transparency of the data processing. I’m learning statistics now and I realize that determining the average value of the monthly electric usage isn’t as easy as it seems, especially when dealing with the unevenly distributed data like the national electric usage. The electric usage of people in the less developed area will differ compared to the people in the more developed area, even though both of them are in the same consumer level. This fact will be objectionable to the people in the more developed area, especially in the big cities, because their actual daily energy needs mostly greater than the needs of people in the less developed area.

Nevertheless, I still hope that this policy is really based on the goodwill of the government and the improvement will be constantly maintained during the implementation so that this policy will bring goodness for Indonesia and lead Indonesian people to prosperity.

References:
PT. PLN (Persero) Disjatim

economy.okezone.com
halohalo.co.id

Hero of The Day: Mr. Habib Nawawi
Cool jacket … love it!!

Moral of The Day: Warming up is so necessary
Only the first five minutes were enjoyable 😦

Lyric of The Day:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uncle Teds and their legendary vests
helping out around the disabled,
From the flats and the maisonettes
they’re reminding us there’s things to be done.

But you and me, all we want to be is lazy,
you and me, so lazy…
~ Lazy – Suede
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Being lazy on this long weekend.

(imported, originally posted on Dec 13th, 07)

The Facts:

That title was the headline of Republika today. It was predicted before, that in 2014 all of the roads in Jakarta will be fully covered with vehicles. Now, the prediction changed. The catastrophe will take place 3 years sooner, which means in 2011 there won’t be any space on the roads of Jakarta left if all of the Jakarta vehicles are placed on them. The prediction based on the fact that the growth of vehicles number that stretches to 9.5 % per year.

Currently, there are about 5.7 million units of vehicles in Jakarta. Based on the data per October 2007, 57 % are 2-wheels vehicles and the 43 % are vehicles with 4-wheels or more. Among those numbers, 98.5 % are personal vehicles, while the rest are public transportations. What makes things worse is that the enormous numbers of personal vehicles only transport 44 percents of the road user, while the rest are carried by the public transportation which only a few in numbers.

The Opinion:

Obviously, Jakarta needs more public transportations. But the next important thing is how to make citizens of Jakarta aware of this situation and, with their own consciousness, start using the public transportation. There’s a lot of reasonable explanation why the public transportation is not popular among them. One of them is the security issue. It is well known that you have to keep your eyes on your belongings when you get into a public transportation in Jakarta, especially the busses. The criminals there are so aggressive that usually no one will try to help you when the crime happens to you, even when they are alerted.

Other reasons are the comfort and the punctuality of the public transport itself. With a limited number of vehicles, it’s really hard to get the comfort and the punctuality at the same time. I’ve experienced that a lot of times. For the sake of timekeeping, I was forced not to breathe oxygen in those vehicles, but carbon dioxide that was exhaled by the person in front of me. Well actually, it didn’t taste so bad, lol.

Based on my calculation referred to the facts above, if the government can do something to change the citizens’ perception about the public transportations, every addition of 10 public transportations can replace 830 personal vehicles. Of course my calculation still uses rough assumptions and estimations. But there’s one thing for sure, Jakarta intolerably needs more safe public transportations.

Song of The Day: Sunshine – Frente
It’s just another beautiful normal day.

Hero(in) of The Day: Rahmi Aria Putri
Thanks for the movies, Sis!

Moral of The Day: Slacking makes you thicker and poorer.
Sleeping when it was raining felt so damn good.